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Livestock & Fisheries Research, SARC, Karachi

LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES RESEARCH UNIT
SARC, Karachi

OBJECTIVES

  • To undertake problem oriented research with reference to peri-urban dairy farming in Sindh

  • To conserve and improve Red-Sindhi breed of cattle through selective breeding

  • To undertake research on nutritional improvement for enhancing milk and meat production

  • To formulate, produce and propagate balanced feed for cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, camels etc. on commercial basis

  • To conduct aquaculture research 

FUTURE FOCUS

  • Impart training to livestock farmers on the problems of livestock management, animal breeding, animal nutrition and feeding, aquaculture and pond management etc. to enhance productivity

  • Development and propagation of non-conventional feed resources/ techniques for the better and economic milk production
     

CURRENT RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

  • Utilization of silage as a Component of Total Mixed Ration (TMR) in dairy feed

  • Marketing of Livestock and Livestock Products in Karachi, Sindh

  • Commercial analysis of feeds for poultry/dairy feed millers/ farmers

SALIENT RESEARCH, RESULTS/ FINDINGS

  • A considerable improvement in the traits of economic importance of Red-Sindhi breed has been observed and animals with good genetic potential were provided to Semen Production Unit (SPU), Karachi; Government Livestock Farm, TM Khan; and, National Agriculture Research Center (NARC), Islamabad to widen the base for further uplift in the genetic potential

  • Freshwater polyculture of fish with prawn was successfully executed and demonstrated on selective farmer locations. The optimal production of polyculture of fresh water fishes with prawn was obtained at the stocking ratio of 600:6000, with a culture period of 317-322 days. Maximum weight of male prawns (Macrobrachium malcolmsoni) recorded during studies was up to 175g. The benefit cost ratio was 2.8:1 on per acre basis.

  • A nutrient composition database of >50 indigenous feedstuffs has been developed for feeding the dairy cattle.

  • An early weaning diet has been devised, having 16% crude protein and 3.0Mcal/Kg ME, to introduce successful weaning in Red-Sindhi calves. This formulation has also been provided to >10 farmers for practical use.

  • The farmers in the peri-urban dairy colonies are lacking in practical dairy feed formulation. The most abundantly used feeds are maize fodder (85.76%), cottonseed cake (95%), wheat bran (90%) and pulses (89%). The average crude protein contents of concentrate feeds are ranging from 15.31% to 16.45%. The total of 45% farmers are using compound feed for their dairy animals but the amount fed per animal is very limited (1-2Kg). The major problems of dairy feeding in peri-urban colonies are poor quality, high prices, lack of technical know-how on feed formulation and absence of feed quality control.

  • Poor sanitation and management, absence of quarantine measures for newly inducted animals and use of improper vaccine were found to be major stress factors for the occurrence of FMD and HS diseases in peri-urban dairy colonies. Production losses were 5-10% and 15-20% of total lactation in case of HS and FMD, respectively.

TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPED 
Successful execution of freshwater polyculture of fish with prawn and demonstration on selective farmer locations. This technology has been successfully transferred to fish farmers at Thatta and adjacent areas.

A feed formulation excel sheet have been developed and provided to dairy farmers for practical feed formulation. These farmers were also imparted trainings with practical feed formulation. 
 

Research Projects Completed

Sr No

Title

Funding Agency

Duration

1

Model Women Livestock Farmers Network for Poverty Reduction

ALP

2009-11

2

Production Environment of Kamori Goat in Nawabshah

Non-Development

2008-10

3

Economic Analysis of Milk Production in Different Cattle Colonies of Karachi

Non-Development

2007-08

4

Estimation of Minerals Profile of Indigenous Feed Ingredients

ASPL-II

2005-07

5

Effect of Different Protein and Energy Levels of Calf Starter on Growth, Digestibility and Blood Parameters in Red-Sindhi Male Calves

ASPL-II

2005-07

6

Prevalence of Helminth Parasitic Infection in Inland Fish of Sindh

ASPL-II

2005-07

7

Nutritive Value of Diets Used in Landhi Cattle Colony (LCC) and Their Impact on Milk Production

Non-Development

2005-07

8

Identification of Various Livestock Nutritional Practices and Its Impact on Economics of Milk Production in Different Cattle Colonies of Karachi

Non-Development

2004-06

9

Relative Abundance of Different Fish/Prawn Species in Keenjhar Lake

Non-Development

2003-05

10

Selective Breeding of Red-Sindhi Cattle

ALP

2002-06

11

Polyculture of Fresh Water Fisheries and Prawn

ALP

2002-06

INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT

  • A Red-Sindhi nucleus breeding herd composed of > 50 animals, belonging to different classes was established

  • A feed testing laboratory under LFRU, Malir halt, Karachi has been established with the primary objective to aid research. This laboratory is equipped with following testing facilities:

               i. Proximate analysis

               ii. Fiber analysis

               iii. Mineral analysis

               iv. Mycotoxin analysis

 

SCIENTIFIC STAFF

Sr. #

Name

Designation

1.

Mr. Jameel A. Lund (Economist)

SSO

2.

Dr. Zia-ul-Hasan (Animal Nutrition)

SO

3. Syed. M. Hasan Mehdi Naqvi (Fisheries)

SO

 

 

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