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Grain Storage Research, SARC, Karachi

GRAIN STORAGE RESEARCH INSTITUTE
SARC, Karachi

INTRODUCTION 
GSRI was established by PARC in 1983 by merging the pre-existed Radio Isotope and Food Programs that PARC inherited from the DPP. The aim of the project was to assess the quantitative and qualitative losses on wheat storage in Pakistan. The institute has gained extensive experience in grain storage and has developed 13 packages for protection of grain for farm, market and public level storage. Realizing the importance of Grain Quality determination and quality control, a state of art Grain Quality Testing Laboratory was established in 2004. This laboratory is a unique facility that provides most of testing under a roof relating to quality determination of cereals and their product. The laboratory is fully capable of undertaking and handling issues of food safety in all the agro based products and supports the national imports and exports. Recently a section on high value mechanized testing of rice has also been installed with the imported sophisticated equipment. 
 

FACILITIES

GSRI has complete facilities for:

  • Proximate Analysis Testing,

  • Mycotoxin Analysis,

  • Pesticide Residue Analysis,

  • Mycological Testing,

  • Phosphine and Methyl Bromide Fumigation,

  • Stored Grain Insect Rearing and

  • Resistance Testing; basic facilities for Pest Risk Analysis

OBJECTIVES

Grain Storage Research Institute

  • To study the distribution, biology and ecology of important insects and fungi associated with stored grains.

  • To estimate the extent of quantitative and economic losses associated with physical, biological and socio-economic environment at the farm and market location in different agro ecological zones.

  • To conduct field experiments to improve the current storage practices and to evolve new techniques to prevent storage losses at the farm and market level.

  • To estimate grain losses in different types of govt. godowns, especially in Karachi and Hyderabad areas and to advise the government on future policy and program for developing suitable storage facilities.

  • To disseminate available information on grain storage and to organize regular training courses for extension workers and the officials involved in grain storage.

Grain Quality Testing Laboratory

To undertake testing of grains with respect to:

  • Physical quality characteristics.

  • Cereal chemistry and cooking quality.

  • Pest and diseases.

  • Environmental safety aspects viz. presence of pesticide residues, aflatoxins and mycotoxins.

  • Microbiological and pathological testing.

To provide technical support to export oriented public and private sector agencies on quality aspects of grains.
To undertake research on quality improvement/standardization of grains for fetching competitive prices in the international market.
To develop and act as a nucleus site for quality testing of grain products. 
 

MAJOR ACHIEVEMENTS
Research

  • Development of five packages for protection of grains at farm level, three for market and six for public sector storage.

  • Development of Pakistan Wheat Quality Standards for domestic and international marketing.

  • ISO-17025 accreditation of GQTL

Services

  • Provision of support on import and export of wheat to MINFA and lifting of ban on Pakistan wheat and rice imposed by Egypt, Russia and Mexico.

  • Quality assurance of wheat imported into Pakistan from 2005–2009 including rejection of Australian wheat.

  • Technical assistance during the establishement of rice testing and microbiology laboraties at Karachi and development of GQTL at Karachi and Islamabad.

  • Establishment of rice testing and microbiology laboratories in GQTL through NAPHIS (PSDP) Project.

  • Development of Quality System for ISO 17025 accreditation of GQTL through UNIDO.

  • Training of more than 3000 staff members of Provincial Food Handling Agencies.

  • Protection of wheat stored by Sindh Food Department and TCP every year.

  • Earning of millions of rupees annually for PARC through commercial testing/ fumigation activities.

RESEARCH PROJECTS

Sr.#

Title/ Duration

Total cost

Source of funding

Status

1

2002-04
Strengthening of Grain Quality Testing Laboratory in Karachi and Islamabad

198.60

PSDP

Completed

2

2005-08
Determination of Pesticide Residues in Fruits and Vegetables

4.96

ALP

Completed

 3

2008
Development of IPM procedures for control of resistant strains  of insect pests

7.07

RADP

terminated in 2008 due to lack of  funds

4

2008
Integrated Mycotoxin Management

11.39

RADP

terminated in 2008 due to lack of funds

5

2008-10
Pest Risk Analysis of Rice, Citrus and Dates

12.054

RADP

Ongoing

6

2006-10
Establishment of HACCP for Chilies exports

6.43

ALP

Ongoing

7

2006-10
UNIDO / TRTA – EU Program on accreditation of laboratory

-

 

Technical Assistance

8

2006-10
Establishment of an Integrated National Animal and  Plant Health Inspection Services

358.06

NAPHIS

Ongoing

9

2008-12
Cultivation of bio-fuel  Plants on Marginal Land in Pakistan

2.50

RADP

Ongoing

 

ONGOING RESEARCH PROGRAMS

  • Establishment of a system based on HACCP guidelines for drying and storage of exportable chilies to control aflatoxin contamination.

  • Cultivation of Bio-fuel plants on marginal lands on Pakistan.

  • Pest Risk Analysis of mango, chilies and rice.

  • Studies on the status of mycotoxin in rice, chilies and dry fruits.

  • Studies on monitoring of heavy metals and multiple pesticide residues in wheat.

  • Development of functional food products that are fiber rich, protein rich and gluten free.

  • Quality analysis of approved and in pipeline Pakistan wheat cultivars and their comparison with wheat of other origins.

  • Studies on proteins and pentosans of wheat for improvement of bread making potential of Pakistani wheat cultivars.

  • Development of improved IPM protocols for storage of wheat.

  • Studies on seed borne fungi of maize and their role in spoilage during its storage.

 

Resource Person :

Mr. Mubarak Ahmed

Director/PSO

 

PARC Toll Free
Help Desk (8:00am to 4:00pm)

  +92-51-0800-84420

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