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Social Sciences

Social Sciences Division (SSD) of Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) operates through a network of five social sciences research establishments including Social Sciences Institute (SSI) at NARC Islamabad and four Institutes housed at the provincial agricultural research systems, and one at AJK. Mandate of these institutes is to participate in multidisciplinary research with the provincial and federal research system. SSD role is also to analyze how well new innovations meet farmers needs; and identifying and helping to resolve constraints to technology adoption. It also bridges the gap between policy makers and growers by making them aware of the problems confronted by the growers on the basis of the empirical research findings. 

Socio-Economic Research Achievements

Social scientists of PARC were initially involved in conducting agriculture systems based diagnostic surveys for setting research priorities in all agro-ecological zones of Pakistan. Issues like timeliness of wheat sowing across different cropping systems were identified and further assessment continued at different stages of technology design, validation and scaling up. Resource conservation technologies assessments, varietal diffusion surveys, yield gap analyses, returns to investment in agricultural research were other important areas achieved through collaborative/multi-disciplinary research approaches. A pioneer work was spearheaded on pesticide policy analysis to share scientific information regarding pesticide use externalities at highest policy making levels. Socio-economists have been able to evolve technology evaluation processes while working in national, international and regional projects. These analyses contributed in developing strategies for enhancing the promotion of viable technologies through involving extension and development partners. Detailed studies on marketing structure, conduct and transaction costs were attempted for all important fruits, vegetables and cut-flowers. Niche marketing and value chain analyses are the current research endeavors being undertaken to estimate the economics of alternative enterprises. 

Technology Transfer Activities
The SSD has been undertaking technology transfer activities on a small scale through its research institutes, the Technology Transfer Institutes (TTIs).A number of field days were organized by these institutes during the last three years in which expert scientists were invited to instruct and interact with the farmers in various cropping zones of the country.
 

The SSD conducted the following studies during 2003-2010

Research Institute: Tandojam

S.No.

Title

Year

1.

Factors Affecting Guava Production in Pakistan

2004

2.

Small Ruminant Farming System in Sindh

2004

3.

Role of Mass Media in Adoption of Recommended Production Technology of Cotton in Sindh

2004

4.

Economics of Buffalow Milk Production in Sindh

2004

5.

Production and Marketing of Traditional Edible Oil Seed Crops in Sindh

2004

6.

Role of Rural Women in Crop and Livestock Activities in Sindh

2004

7.

Production and Marketing of Poultry Broiler in Sindh

2004

8.

Economics of Groundnut Cultivation in Sanghar District of Sindh

2004

9.

Economics of Henna Cultivation in District Naushahero Feroze Sindh

2004

10.

Production and Marketing of Papaya in Southern Sindh

2005

11.

Impact of Devolution on Agricultural Extension System in Sindh

2005

12.

Production and Marketing of Phalsa Cultivation in Sindh

2005

13.

Economic Analysis of Mango Nurseries in Sindh

2005

14.

Technical and Socioeconomic Constraints Faced By the Sugar Industries in Sindh

2005

15.

Production and Marketing Patterns of Milk in Hyderabad City

2005

16.

Analysis of Professional and Technical Competencies Needed By Extension Agents in Sindh Province of Pakistan

2005

17.

Production and Marketing of Poultry (Broiler) in Sindh

2005

18.

Economic Analysis of Green Fodder (Maize and Barseem) in Sindh

2005

19.

Economic Analysis of Fish Farming in Sindh

2005

20.

Role of Rural Women in Vegetable Production in Sindh

2005

21.

Post harvest Losses of Mango in Sindh

2005

22.

Production and Marketing of Poultry Layer in Sindh

2005

23.

Socioeconomic Characteristics of Rural Women in Rice-Wheat Cropping System in Sindh

2005

24.

Impact Assessment of High Capacity Paddy Thresher in Rice Growing Area in Sindh

2006

25.

Socioeconomic Factors Affecting the Adopting of Sunflower in Sindh

2006

26.

Wheat Varietal Verification in the Major Cropping Systems in Sindh: Result from 2005-06

2006

27.

Absolute Poverty in Rural Farm Families: The Case of Major Cropping System of Sindh

2006

28.

Study on Okra Pest Control through IPM Technology in Sindh

2006

 

 

 

 

Research Institute: Faisalabad

29

Adoption of the Technological Package For Rice Production Among the Rice Growers of the Irrigated Punjab

2003

30

Awareness and Assessment of One Window Credit Scheme in the Irrigated Punjab

2003

31

Cotton Varietal Adoption in the Irrigated Punjab

2003

32

Prospects of Fish Farming in Saline Area of the Central Punjab

2003

33

Income Generation Through Value Addition by Conversion of Mascute Wood to Coal in Saline Area of the Central Punjab

2003

34

Role of Print Media in the Dissemination of Recommended Technologies of Sugarcane Crop Among Farmers in the Central Punjab

2003

35

Potato Post Harvest Losses

2004

36

National Wheat Suvey 2003: Causes of Yield Decline in the Irrigated Punjab

2004

37

Whole Sale Market Management and Operations: A Critical Apprisal of Major Fruits and Vegetable Market of Punjab

2004

38

Comparitive Study of Milk Production in Barani and Irrigated Areas of Punjab

2004

39

Crop Livestock Interaction in the Irrigated Punjab: A Sociological prespective

2004

40

Fruit and Vegetable Marketing System in the Punjab

2004

41

Livestock and Livestock Products Marketing System in the Punjab

2004

42

Economics of Gram Production In Thal Areas of the Punjab

2005

43

Implications of Wto Agreements on Export of Citrus

2005

44

Economic Analysis of Fish Production at Bio-Saline Research Station (Niab) Pacca Anna Faisalabad

2005

45

Awareness and Assessment of Contamination Free Cotton Program In the Southern Punjab

2005

46

Cost of Production of Seed Cotton in the Southern Punjab

2005

47

Monitoring Cotton Varietal Adoption in the Irrigated Punjab

2005

48

Economic Analysis of Eucalptus Oil Production at Bio-Saline Research Station (Niab) Pacca Anna, Faisalabad

2005

49

Economics of Lentil Production in Barani Punjab

2005

 

Sugarcane Yield and Crop Management Factors in Central Punjab

2005

 

Acreage Supply Response Of Rice In The Punjab

2005

 

Poverty Reduction by Increasing agricultural Productivity in Mixed and Rice-Wheat Cropping Zones of Punjab

2006

 

Comparative Advantage of Wheat Production in Punjab

2006

 

Estimation of Post Harvest Losses in Guava in the Punjab

2006

 

Recommended Technologies and Production Practices at Farm Level: Wheat Scenario

2006

 

Food Security Through Increasing Wheat Productivity

2006

 

Impact of Devolution on Agricultural Extension System in the Punjab

2006

 

Issues of Low Productivity of Major Crops in Punjab

2006

 

Sociology of Livestock Production in the Punjab

2006

 

Wheat Situation Survey, 2006: Causes of Yield Decline in the irrigated Punjab

2006

Research Institute: Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK)

  1.  

Marketing of Small Ruminants Skin in AJK.  A Case Study of Kotli District.

2002-03

  1.  

Marketing of Small Ruminants in AJK

2002-03

  1.  

Production and Marketing of Rice in Irrigated area of AJK.

2002-03

  1.  

Production and Marketing of Broiers in AJK.

2003-04

  1.  

Econmics of Onion Cutlivation in AJK

2003-04

  1.  

Commercial Fish Farming in AJK

2003-04

  1.  

Production and Marketing Systems of live Animals and their Productis in AJK.

2003-04

  1.  

Wheat Consumption Pattern in Muzaffarabad district of AJK.

2004-05

  1.  

Production constraitns to tomato in muzaffarabad district AJK. A Case Study of Danna Katcheley

2004-05

  1.  

An Analysis of Farm Mechanization in Barnala Tehsil of Bhimber District.

2004-05

 Research Institute: Quetta

S.No.

Title of the study

Year

  1.  

Production and marketing practices of Dates in Balochistan.

2002-03

  1.  

Economic of Soybean production and constraints in upland Balochistan.

2002-03

  1.  

Apple production practices and constraints in Northern Balochistan.

2002-03

  1.  

Socioeconomic implication of Drought on livestock production in Balochistan.

2002-03

  1.  

Cost of Broiler Production and Constraints in Pishin.

2002-03

  1.  

Production constraints of Apple in Balochistan

2002-03

  1.  

Participatory diagnostic survey district Quetta Upland agro-ecological zone Balochistan.

2002-03

  1.  

Production and marketing of Cherry in Balochistan.

2003-04

  1.  

Factors affecting Potato production in Balochistan

2003-04

  1.  

Production practices and varietal adoption of Cotton in Balochistan.

2003-04

  1.  

Farmers’ perception about artificial insemination in Balochistan.

2003-04

  1.  

Investment Appraisal Analysis of Date Production District Ketch, Balochistan

2004-05

  1.  

Economic of Broiler Farming in Balochistan.

2004-05

  1.  

Investment appraisal analysis of Apple orchards in District Pishin Balochistan.

2004-05

  1.  

Impact of devolution of power on Agriculture Extension system in Balochistan.

2005-06

  1.  

Cost of production of wheat in Nasirabad and Loralai district of Balochistan.

2005-06

  1.  

Cost of production of Rice in Nasirabad and Jaffarabad district of Balochistan

2005-06

  1.  

Mazri Marketing as a source of income for poor community in Balochistan.

2005-06

  1.  

Baseline survey of ICARDA research sites in Highland Balochistan.

2005-06

  1.  

Wheat and Rice varietal adoption in Balochistan.

2005-06

  1.  

Economics analysis of Cut flowers farming in Balochistan.

2005-06

  1.  

Wheat varietal adoption survey in Balochistan

2006-07

  1.  

Rice varietal adoption survey in canal irrigated areas of Balochistan.

2006-07

  1.  

Performance of BT cotton in Balochistan

2006-07

Research Institute: ISLAMABAD

S.No

Title of the study

Year

  1.  

Action plan for livestock marketing systems in Pakistan

2003-04

  1.  

Characterization of rural livelihoods and livelihood strategies in the Barani area

2003-04

  1.  

Diffusion of no-till dril in Pakistan’s Punjab

2003-04

  1.  

An exploratory survey regarding the pulses cultivation in the rice-wheat cropping system of Punjab

2003-04

  1.  

Impact of globalization of agriculture on the productivity of cotton - wheat system of Pakistan

2003-04

  1.  

Economics of off- season vegetables in Faisalabad region

2003-04

  1.  

Estimation of demand for milk in Pakistan

2003-04

  1.  

Export of citrus: constraints and potential

2003-04

  1.  

Factors affecting low wheat yield in central Punjab, 2002-03

2003-04

  1.  

Role of micro-credit in gender empowerment

2003-04

  1.  

Role of dugwells in gender prosperity in rainfed areas

2003-04

  1.  

Wheat production forecast model

2003-04

  1.  

Forecasting models for sugarcane in Pakistan

2003-04

  1.  

Growth, price instability and flexibility of major crops in Pakistan

2003-04

  1.  

Rapid assessment of institutional frameworks for acquiring knowledge and disseminating new practices within communities

2004-05

  1.  

Local capacity for supporting innovation and change in the rice-wheat system of the Punjab; Pakistan

2004-05

  1.  

Public and civil society innovation learning system

2004-05

  1.  

Determination of social and economic benefits of changed practices in rice-wheat area of Punjab, Pakistan

2004-05

  1.  

Economic evaluation of promising technologies of barani village development project

2004-05

  1.  

On-going assessment of crop and livestock production technologies in BVDP area

2004-05

  1.  

Technology transfer through informal seed production in BVDP area

2004-05

  1.  

Assessment of post- harvest losses in rice crop

2004-05

  1.  

Fruit exports prospects in Pakistan

2004-05

  1.  

Socioeconomic impact of special day fruit and vegetable markets in twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad households

2004-05

  1.  

Gender imbalances and improvement strategies for socio-economic systems of Pakistan

2004-05

  1.  

Gender dimensions in WTO

2004-05

  1.  

Gender dimensions in rice based livelihood systems of Pakistan

2004-05

  1.  

Changes in prices and growth rate trends of area, production and yield of pulses in Pakistan

2004-05

  1.  

Evaluation of different rice genotypes for stability in yield performance

2004-05

  1.  

Stability analysis of national uniformity maize yield trials in Pakistan

2004-05

  1.  

Fluctuations in principal crops’ production and trend rates of growth in Pakistan

2004-05

  1.  

Structure, conduct, performance, marketing  system, margins and seasonal price variation of selected fruits and vegetables in Balochistan, Northern Areas and AJK

2005-06

  1.  

Socio-economic and institutional constraints to livestock productivity in the deserts of Pakistan

2005-06

  1.  

An analysis of Pakistan’s agricultural trade behavior

2005-06

  1.  

Assessment of participatory food and feed crop technology validation in rainfed areas: farmer perspective

2005-06

  1.  

Sunflower area and production variability in Pakistan: Opportunities and constraints

2005-06

  1.  

Marketing issues of sugarcane and sugar in Punjab

2005-06

  1.  

Sustainability of tea production on commercial lines: an assessment of a new farm enterprise

2005-06

  1.  

Agricultural policies in Pakistan: producer support estimates (PSEs)

2005-06

  1.  

International competitiveness and policy analysis of Pakistan’s agriculture

2005-06

  1.  

Gender role in vegetables production for poverty alleviation

2005-06

  1.  

Gender gaps and feminization of poverty in agriculture

2005-06

  1.  

Improving precision of agriculture field experiments problems and prospects of pulses in Pakistan

2005-06

  1.  

Prospects and problems of pulses in Pakistan

2005-06

  1.  

Trend analysis of the livestock population vis-a-vis human population in Pakistan

2005-06

  1.  

Assessment of Market Demand and Consumer Preferences for Dairy Products in Pakistan)

2006-07

  1.  

Baseline survey of food security and poverty alleviation in arid agriculture of Balochistan

2006-07

  1.  

Baseline survey for female communities of food security and poverty alleviation in arid agriculture of Balochistan

2006-07

  1.  

Structure, conduct and performance of marketing system, margins and seasonable price variation of selected fruits in Balochistan

2006-07

  1.  

Efficiency of lattice design in preliminary yield trials of wheat and groundnut

2006-07

  1.  

Assessment and impact of goat breed improvement through distribution  of beetal bucks in Barani Village Development Project areas

2006-07

  1.  

A Constraints Analysis of Dairy Supply Chains

2007-08

  1.  

Structure, Conduct and Performance of the Marketing System, Margins and Seasonable Price Variations of Selected Fruits and Vegetables in Balochistan, NWFP, Northern Areas and AJK – 2008

2007-08

  1.  

Socioeconomic, Livelihood, Market and Gender Analysis of of Project Sites in Pakistan ( in collaboration with ICARDA)

2007-08

  1.  

Survey for diffusion of improved varieties of wheat through informal wheat seed production and distribution in rainfed Pothwar

2007-08

  1.  

Adoption and Impact of Zero Tillage in the Rice-Wheat Zone of Irrigated Punjab, Pakistan

2007-08

  1.  

Agricultural Sciences and Technology Indicators for Pakistan  (IFPRI-PARC, 2007)

2007-08

  1.  

Analysis of Economic Efficiency and Competitiveness of Rice Production Systems of Pakistan’s Punjab

2007-08

  1.  

Strengthening of Design and Analysis Capabilities in the NARC

2007-08

  1.  

RADP funded Sub-project “Scientists’ Capacity Building through Training”

2007-08

RECENT STUDIES UNDERTAKEN AT SSD AND ITS INSTITUTES

  1.  Vertical Coordination Towards High Value Agriculture in Punjab, Pakistan: Implications for Small Holders and Agribusiness.

  2. Agricultural Research Strategies for Growth and Poverty Alleviation

  3. Analyzing the Performance of Agricultural Advisory Services in Pakistan

  4. Milk Production and Marketing Systems in Two Punjabs: A Comparative Analysis

  5. Contractual Maize Production- A Case Study of Rafhan Maize

  6. Impact of Escalating Energy and Fertilizers Prices on the Productivity of Rice and Wheat Crops in the Punjab-Pakistan

  7. Impact of Raised Bed Planting of Wheat on Resource Conservation in the Central Punjab

  8. Wheat Supply Response In Pakistan

  9. Technical Efficiency of Wheat Growers in NWFP: A Stochastic Production Frontier Analysis

  10. Pakistan’s Wheat Policy: Export Promotion or Import Substitution Strategy

  11. Wheat and Rice Productivity and Food Security in Pakistan

  12. Bird Flu Influenza and Poultry Farming in Peshawar Valley

  13. Political Economy of Sugar Industry in Pakistan

  14. Economic Analysis of Intercropping in Sugarcane in Sindh: Implications for Research and Extension

  15. Economic Analysis of Minor Fruits in Sindh Province of Pakistan

  16. Sugarcane Varietal Adoption in the Sugarcane Growing Regions of Pakistan

  17. Wheat in the Irrigated Farming System in Sindh: A Farm Level Survey in Sindh

  18. Wheat Situation Survey in the Rainfed Pothwar, 2010

  19. Estimation of Optimum Field Plot Size and Shape in Paddy Yield Trial

  20. Agricultural Development and Rural Poverty Linkages in Pakistan

  21. Role of Agriculture in Pakistan’s Economy: An Intersectoral Linkages Analysis

  22. Export Competitiveness of Horticulture Sector of Pakistan

  23. Feasibility of Sugarcane Juice Manufacturing in Pakistan’s Punjab

  24. Impact of Escalating Energy and Fertilizers Prices on the Productivity of Rice Crop in the Punjab-Pakistan

  25. Assessment of Harvest and Post Harvest Losses of Selected Fruits in Pakistan

  26. Contractual Maize Production:  A Case Study of Rafhan Maize Products

  27. Economic Analysis of Hybrid and Open Pollinated varieties of Maize in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

  28. Assessing Maize Production Constraints in AJK

  29. An Investigation into Market Integration for Selected Fruits and Vegetables among Muzaffarabad, Rawalpindi and Mansehra Markets

  30. An Assessment of Absolute Poverty:  A Case Study of District Muzaffarabad, AJK

  31. Sources of Livelihood at the Coastal Belt From Hub to Ormara

Brief results of selected recent studies [more....]

Liaison with the following international organizations was maintained

  • International Food Policy Research Institute, USA

  • International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Syria

Capacity Building

SSD has also conducted various theoretical and analytical courses for the scientists of PARC and other government organizations during the recent years

 

For details on  Social Science Institute at NARC:  [ Click here.... ]

 

Mr. Azam Niazi  Director
E-mail/ Tel:   This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.   
 051-90762441

 


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