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About Dr. N. E. Borlaug

Norman Ernest Borlaug (March 25, 1914 – September 12, 2009) was an American biologisthumanitarian and Nobel laureate who have been called "the father of the Green Revolution". Norm’s family was of Norwegian descent. Both his father’s family and his mother’s family had come to America in the 1800s. Norman Borlaug was born in Saude, near Cresco, Iowa. He attended the one-teacher, one-room New Oregon #8 rural school in Howard County, through eighth grade. Borlaug received his B.Sc. Biology in 1937 and Ph.D. in plant pathology and genetics from the University of Minnesota in 1942. He took up an agricultural research position in Mexico, where he developed semi-dwarf, high-yielddisease-resistant wheat varieties

During the mid-20th century, Borlaug led the introduction of high-yielding wheat varieties combined with modern agricultural production techniques to Mexico, Pakistan, and India. As a result, Mexico became a net exporter of wheat by 1963. Between 1965 and 1970, wheat yields nearly doubled in Pakistan and India, greatly improving the food security in these nations. These collective increases in yield have been labeled the Green Revolution, and Borlaug is often credited with saving over a billion people worldwide from starvation. He earned the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970 in recognition of his contributions to world peace through increasing food supply throughdeveloping the high-yielding wheat that reversed food shortages in India and Pakistan during the 1960s.

Dr. Borlaug developed high-yielding varieties of wheat that took Mexico from near-starvation to self-sufficiency within a few years. – introduced his new seed and production technologies in India and Pakistan and successfully campaigned at the highest levels of government to get policy changes that averted famine in the mid 1960s. – He has helped South America, Asia, the Middle East, Latin America, and Africa fight starvation."

 

From 1986 until his death Sept. 12, 2009, at age 95, he led the Sasakawa-Global 2000 Agriculture Program, a joint venture between the Sasakawa Africa Association and the Carter Center's Global 2000 program. The effort has helped more than 8 million small-scale farmers in 15 sub-Saharan African countries to increase crop production. 

 

 

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