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Social Sciences Research Institute



  • Undertake research on different priority issues of national and regional importance in the disciplines of agricultural social sciences;

  • Provide research feed-back to the biological scientists working on different crops and livestock;

  • Develop and strengthen linkages with research, extension, development and market agencies for up scaling and promotion of PARC technologies;

  • Extend consultancy/advisory services to the biological scientists and students

  • Information dissemination and human resource development through trainings, workshops, seminars and conferences


The institute is targeting its mandate through its following three programs:


Socioeconomics Program (1984)

Initially, this program was established in 1984 as an independent research unit with the name of Agricultural Economics Research Unit (AERU), which was ultimately merged into SSI as Socio-Economics Program (SEP). The prime objective of the program is to study farm level researchable and policy issues and provide feedback concerned scientists, programs and policy makers


At present, the SEP has expertise in conducting baseline, adoption and impact studies, sectoral, value chains and marketing, monitoring and evaluation etc.


Biometrics Program (1984)

This program was also initiated in May 1984 with the name as Computer and Statistics Section (CSS) and ultimately merged into SSI as Biometrics Program. The prime objective of the program is to enhance the quality and credibility of biological research conducted at NARC. The program bears responsibilities of conducting research in experimental designs, sampling procedures, statistical genetics, computer softwares and data processing along with providing advisory services on experimental design/layout for field/labs. Experiments and professional consultation to scientists of all the research programs at NARC.


Gender and Development Program (2001)

Gender & Development Program is the youngest program of SSI. Gender and Development (GAD) approach has emerged as a result of the shortcomings of Women in Development (WID) approach, concentrating on the unequal relations between men and women. WID was focused on using development resources for improving women's conditions and making their contributions visible. However, it did not address the basic structure of inequality in the relationship between women and men, as it had a tendency to focus solely on women. The term gender arose as an analytical tool from an increasing awareness of inequalities due to institutional structures. In most of the societies gender relations are unbalanced and women often make their contributions with unequal access to control over and benefits from natural resources and resource use. It is an essential condition for people-centered sustainable agricultural and rural development to transform partnership of women and men based on equality. To ensure sustainable development it is imperative to promote gender equality in the access to sufficient, safe and nutritionally adequate food; access to, control over and management of natural resources and agricultural support services. Gender and Development Program' is trying to make significant contribution in this regard. The main objectives of Gender and Development Program are to focus its efforts to mainstream gender in agricultural research; conduct research studies in collaboration with biological scientists by integrating gender analysis in agricultural research; conduct research studies in collaboration with biological scientists by integrating gender analysis in agricultural research; and to conduct baseline surveys to establish database on gender roles in agricultural activities.



Future Focus 
Keeping in view the challenges to agriculture and rural sector, the focus social sciences research is to address the following questions:

  • How the farm problems of national and regional importance can be identified and brought in the agricultural research priority areas through providing a research back-up to the biological scientists working on different crops and livestock

  • How can the multiplier effects of agriculture be enhanced to improve social welfare and livelihoods and reduce social inequalities in the rural sector?

  • What are the issues in the process of technology evaluation, transfer and adoption and how the linkages among research, education and extension can be strengthened

  • How the economic and statistical techniques can be extended to the biological scientists through the process of innovation generation and end users to adopt these innovations through resolving the socioeconomic issues

  • How can rural communities have access to indigenous and modern knowledge sources and their uses for controlling crop, animal, human diseases and enhancing livelihood security?

  • How can agricultural commodities and their by-products be shifted towards products through process engineering to meet the consumer demands in the national and the global markets?

  • How can the adverse impact of agricultural activities and the environment be minimized to ensure safe water, maintain biodiversity, and sustain the natural resource base?

  • How can agricultural communication ensure rural communities for relevance in agricultural decision making?

  • How can agricultural productivity be increased –e.g. conservation agriculture including organic farming, more efficient use of labor, and better farm management – and diversity of food, fiber and bio-fuel production is enhanced in a way that increases the livelihoods of rural population?

  • How to link the outputs from marginalized lands into local, national and global markets?

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