Rice an important food and cash crop accounts for 3.0 percent in value added to agriculture and 0.6 percent to GDP. During 2018-19, rice was planted on 2.810 million hectares with the productionof 7.202million metric tons.In Pakistan, coarse and fine rice varieties are grown. Basmati rice iscylindrical long and extra-long grain rice grown in special areas of Kallar Tract falling in Punjab having special characteristics of basmati aroma and taste. Whereas Non-Basmati is a long grain, kernels are slender, don’t have special characteristics of aroma and taste.Improved varieties of rice in Pakistan have yield potential of 7.0 ton/ha for Basmati and 10.5 ton/ha forcoarse varieties, whereas our national average yield is 3.5ton/ha for Basmati and 5.0 ton/ha for Coarse rice.
In Pakistan, rice is grown in all four province that includes Gujranwala, Hafizabad, Sialkot, Sheikhupura, Okara and Jhangdistricts in Punjab, Larkana, Jacobabad, Shikarpur, Badin, Thatta and Dadu districtsin Sindh, Nasirabad and Usta Mohammad districts of Balochistan and Swat &DI Khan area in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Rice Program at CSI, NARC is focusing on development of high yielding rice hybrids and varieties with broader adaptability and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Rice Program also focuses on development of crop management techniques that could save resources like water, fertilizers and control weeds and diseases.