MARC during the last two decades followed multidirectional approach focusing on research for productivity enhancement, development of research infrastructure, strengthening of existing establishment and the strategic planning for a productive agricultural research system in Gilgit-Baltistan. The research activities of the center were mostly concentrated on identification of high yielding disease resistant germplasm of cereals, fruits, vegetables, pulses, and fodders, development of cultivation methodologies for important medicinal plants, introduction and multiplication of trout, improved seed and plant multiplication and also dissemination of research knowledge and technologies. in the early years almost all activities were carried out at Juglote.
The scope of the center was gradually extended as research was initiated as some new discipline were included in the research agenda besides establishing research stations in other areas of Gilgit-Baltistan including Chilas, Skardu, and Astore. Salient achievements of the Center are briefly described as follows.
Despite several challenges like harsh climatic and topographic conditions meager resources, poor infrastructure and capacity , MARC was able to make headway in identification of high yielding crop varieties, development of cultivation methodologies for medicinal plants, introduction of trout fish farming and commercialization of Seabuckthorn products etc.
High yielding varieties of wheat, maize, fruits, vegetables and fodders have been selected for cultivation in various ecological zone of Gilgit-Baltistan. Promising varieties are:
Apricot Charmaghz, Habbi, Shakanda, Nilipevend &
Apple Red Chief, Red Delicious & Golden Delicious
Pear Bagrote Local & Leconte
Plum Fazal manani, Rubusto, Methaly & Shero
Peach A-5, A-6, A-8, Loring, N.J-241 & Suzi
Almond Neplus ultra & Local Kaghazi
P. Granate Qandahari, Jalari, Mix & Metha
Fig Dotato & Local white
Olives Coratina, N-Etnea
Walnut Serr, Local Kaghazi
Grapes Flame Seedless, Italia/140-Ru
Persimmon Manchista, Kouro Kagma
Cherry Cornetta, Franco, Black Cherry
Tomato Roma, Rio Grand, Gala, Red Globe, Royal & Banther
Onion Swat-1, Afghan White & Texas Early
Okra Pusa Sawani, Subaz Pari & Sarhad Green
Chilly Chilly Chinese, Longhi, & Juglote Chilly
China Cabbage Mitchihilili & Juglote Cabbage
Cabbage Golden Acre & Drumhead
Cauliflower Shahzadi, Snowdrift & Snowball-16
Peas Early Meteor, Rondo & Desan
Radish Mino Early, Green Neck & Nepal Early
Lucern Sunder, Aquarius, Faisalabad and Bunji local
Oats Scott and pd2lv65
Improved germplasm including seed of promising crop varieties and certified fruit
plants was produced and distributed among interested farmers.
Low cost plastic tunnel technology for off-season vegetable production was developed and transferred to farmers.
Production technologies for different vegetable were developed and disseminated.
Cultivation methodology for medicinal plants including Kuth (Sassurea lappa),
Thyme, white cumin and black cumin were developed.Propagation of black cumin from seed and bulbs under farm conditions was successfully attempted for the first time in Pakistan.
Economic importance of Seabuckthorn a magic plant was explored and established. Food, Medicinal and Cosmetic products were developed from
Seabuckthorn berries and seed and introduced among communities. Seabuckthorn oil is the most valuable among all the products.
Trout pond culture has been developed for rainbow and brown trout.
Around 2.0 million disease free trout fingerlings have been produced and
supplied to the communities.
Diseases affecting trout were identified and successfully